Ms. Prachi Sahai, Research Scholar, GKV, Haridwar,India
Prof. V.K.Singh, Dean,FMS, GKV, Haridwar,India
Mr. Gaurav Vohra, Teacher of Indian Culture, High Commission of India, Nicosia, Cyprus
21st century is well known as the age of digital technologies and knowledge with all the globalization, informatization and the scientific discoveries. Teaching pedagogy are described as the unique and different approaches that a teacher uses in the classroom to make the communication more and more effective. This article will majorly focus on the didactics of the innovative practices along with special focus on the current pandemic situation.
The traditional and the well-known practice being followed is the Direct Instructions. Teachers and professors act as the sole supplier of knowledge, and under the direct instruction model, teachers often utilize systematic, scripted lesson plans. Then came the flipped classroom concept in 2007, where the student watches the pre-recorded videos and completes the assignment based on them. It gives an individual the freedom to work at his own pace. Then comes the kinaesthetic learning, where the student learn by performing some physical activities like role-plays.
Personalized learning is one of the latest and still evolving technique. At the heart of the model, teachers have students follow personalized learning plans that are specific to their interests and skills. Student self-direction and choice in the curriculum are hallmarks of personalized learning. Teaching has grown with time and now includes all these new and unique forms.
In this time of crisis when the COVID-19 has effected the whole education system universally, all countries are fighting on their respective levels to reduce the losses. Let us take an example of developed counties, that have full access to a good infrastructure and connectivity where student and teachers along with the administration have a good hold of all the tools and process that are helping in providing distance learning. Along with that, reputed universities gets a good amount of foreign applicant every year but COVID-19 is surely going to affect the number of admission this year. All the developed nations with such state of art health facilities, are having a difficult time in coping up with the COVID-19.
Developing countries are lacking behind in many aspects be it the infrastructure or the network connectivity. Such countries were not prepared with such good facilities unlike developed nations, where lock-down accelerated adoption of digital technology. This happened to be an ideal time to experiment and deploy new tools to make education delivery meaningful to students who cannot go to campuses. A few of the initiatives in India are SWAYAM online courses for teachers, UG/PG MOOCs for non-technology courses, e-PG Pathshala or e-content containing modules on social science, arts, fine arts, natural and mathematical science, CEC-UGC YouTube channel, Vidwan – a database of experts who provide information to peers and prospective collaborators, NEAT – an initiative by AICTE based on the PPP model to enhance the employability skill among students, in collaboration with Education Technology Companies and National Digital Library (NDL), a repository of learning resources with single window facility. All these tools have helped to enhance our ability to connect easily with institutions and various learning resources. Microsoft have also been of great help in these times of crisis The British School in New Delhi is a 57-year-old education institution. The school moved to Microsoft Teams even before the COVID-19 lock-down, to enable its teachers and students interact and collaborate in remote learning scenarios.
The number of under developed countries had to also close their education institutes and public gatherings that might pose a threat of COVID-19 spread. Some of these nations still do not have any positive case but still they are taking necessary precautions. They lack behind in terms of infrastructure and connectivity and are struggling with the threats being imposed by COVID-19 on their education system.
IBM International Business Machine Corporation is an American multinational technology company that deals in the production and sales of the computer hardware, middle-ware and software. Being one of the major research organization IBM is working closely with the U.S. and worldwide governments to launch the COVID-19 High Performance Computing Consortium. These initiatives might bring together the Federal government, industry, and academic leaders to provide access to the world’s most powerful high-performance computing resources in support of COVID-19 research to better understand COVID-19, its treatments and potential cures. IBM has launched an informational hub, currently available in U.S. and soon worldwide, this hub includes the latest news and a map that tracks reported cases of the virus down to the county level. As educators and parents look for solutions to keep children engaged and learning during these uncertain times, IBM is here to offer guidance.
Mckinsey & Company is an American management-consulting firm, which states that COVID-19 is first a human tragedy affecting lakhs of people worldwide. Almost every country has reported cases, though they are unequally distributed. India too has experienced a significant increase in the number of cases since the beginning of April and has evolved its response strategy, including extending the nationwide lock-down. According to their report, different countries are implementing their own tactics to stop the spread of disease. Measures including physical distancing, travel restrictions, effective use of personal protective equipment (PPE), testing and tracing, and health care surge capacity require more or less emphasis, depending on epidemic phase in the particular country.
Infosys, India’s second largest IT Company, have suspended the promotions and salary hikes after looking at the serious pandemic situation, leading to slowdown in business.
Microsoft’s CEO Satya Nadella said that Microsoft has seen “2 years’ worth of transformation in just these 2 months” they are seeing a significant increase in use of its cloud service. Even their gaming business has benefited increased engagement following stay at home guidelines. Newmark, which serves 180 students with developmental differences like anxiety, autism and mood disorders, had collaborated with Microsoft a year earlier to get its students and faculty trained on platforms like Teams, which enables a secure and inclusive remote classroom, and One Note Class Notebook. Microsoft education tools like Teams, Flipgrid, Stream and Minecraft: Education Edition have brought students and teachers together in new ways. Teams allows educators to build collaborative classrooms where students and teachers can chat meet and work on projects remotely, and it is free. Microsoft Flipgrid, a free tool for educators and families that engages students through creating and sharing short videos, to encourage the kids to share their talents and showcase some of their favorite activities from home. These are some of the tools that have facilitated education at such crisis time.
Reliance Foundation – the philanthropic arm of Reliance Industries, India has stepped up too with a multi-pronged approach to help India in its fight against COVID-19. In a very short span of two weeks, Sir H. N. Reliance Foundation Hospital in collaboration with the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has set up a dedicated 100-bedded centre at Seven Hills Hospital, Mumbai for patients who test positive for Covid-19. Reliance Life Sciences is importing additional test kits and consumables for effective testing. Apart from this, a dedicated team of doctors and researchers are also working to find a cure for the deadly virus. As part of its multi-pronged strategy to support the cause, Reliance Industries has built a fully equipped isolation facility in Lodhivali, Maharashtra and handed it over to the district authorities. The facility will be used to house people suspected of being infected by the COVID-19 virus. At these times of emergency Reliance Industries have come up as a helping hand in various aspects be it providing meals to 3 crore of Indians or providing better health facilities.
Air Industry, Aviation is among the worst affected sectors amidst the Covid-19 crisis that has taken the scale of a pandemic. Airport revenue is directly linked to traffic levels. With lock-down prevailing worldwide, flights ban no revenue coming in. The cost of operating airport infrastructure remains the same, and airports cannot close down or relocate terminals and runways. The other aspect to consider is non-aeronautical revenues, which are necessary, as aeronautical revenue alone cannot cover all airport operations and capital cost. Cash reserves of airline companies are running low and many are almost at the brink of bankruptcy. Moreover, the crisis could lead to loss of jobs and pay cuts. This is a challenging time for airports. They are trying to continue to play their vital role for local communities whilst their main source of revenue disappears.
Hotel and Tourism Industry-The lock down has had a massive cascading effect on the hospitality industry around the world, with the cancellation of flights & trains. The hotel bookings have faced monumental cancellations and that has had a ripple effect on travel agents, tour operators leading to a great impact on nations whose economy is dependent on tourism. Hotels across the world are closed for the last two months with essentially zero revenues while having to bear with fixed costs. Such a steep decline in such a short period of time has never been witnessed by the sector.
Now at this time, where a lot of countries are open to restart various sectors of business, we can expect to see a lot of changes in which business and services will carry on. Universities will also gradually reopen their campuses with necessary precautions, social distancing and complying with local government regulations. This is a great opportunity to develop a new approach towards online and innovative modules of personalized teaching and assessment.